Further research is needed to determine if nicotine actually causes or worsens depression. If that turns out to be true, the study’s authors suggest that regulators should take a hard look at how e-cigarettes are marketed to young people and those at risk of depressive disorders.
“At the very least, our findings warrant careful and thorough evaluation of e-cigarette use in both youth and adults with depression,” they write. “Physicians should consider the routine collection of information pertaining to e-cigarette use during clinic visits, especially in patients with depression, and routine counseling for those who use e-cigarettes, offering support to those who express willingness to quit.”
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